Flood means overflow of water. lt is a natural calamity. Flood occurs in Bangladesh almost every year. When it takes place seriously, lt weakens our hopes of prosperity. lt is like a curse from nature on us.
The causes of flood are many. In Bangladesh, flood is caused mainly due to heavy rainfall, blockage of water and release of much water from the Farakka barrage. Flood may also be caused by high tide, melting of snow from mountains.
Flood causes great havoc and sufferings to millions of
people. Huts and cattle are washed away, crops are damaged and many lives and property are wiped out. People take shelter on the high roads, in schools and
colleges. Again, alter the flood, various kinds of diseases such as cholera, dysentery, diarrhoea break out in the
flood-affected area. Many become homeless.
Alter losing everything many poor people move here and there for work. Many people become Jobless. The economy of the country also becomes weak and miserable. There is a scarcity of food, clothes and drink everywhere. Flood creates different kinds of socio-economic crises in the society.
The floods of 1998 and 2004 affected almost the whole of Bangladesh. They had broken all the previous records of losses and miseries.
The silted-up beds of our rivers should be excavated for carrying more water. Proper embankments should be constructed along the banks of the rivers. By following these measures, we can control flood.
However, flood also does some good to us. It makes our lands fertile by carrying silt. Crops grow in plenty on the fertile land. It washes away filth and dirt.
Every year, it causes a huge loss to our country. We find out some effective and permanent measures to control flood.