Nelson Mandela was born on July, 1918 in South Africa. Mandela joined the African National Congress in 1942. For 20 years, he directed a campaign of peaceful, non-violent and defiance against the South African Government and its racist policies.
In 1993, Mandela was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1993, South African President E.W.de Clark was also awarded the Nobel Peace Prize .
In 1994, Mandela was celebrated as South African first black president. In 2009, Mandela’s birthday was declared Mandela Day to promote global peace.
Mandela died at his home in Johannesburg on December 5, 2013 at age of 95.